Dr. Schummers received his bachelor's degree in Neuroscience from Oberlin College in Oberlin OH, where he studied the effects of the neurotransmitter neuropeptide-Y on long-term potentiation (LTP) in the hippocampus. He then moved to Denver CO, where he studied the effects of alcohol on LTP in the Department of Pharmacology at the University of Colorado Health Science Center. He received a Ph.D. in Systems Neuroscience at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, with the support of a Howard Hughes Pre-Doctoral Fellowship. His thesis work combined intracellular, and extracellular single neuron recordings with optical imaging approaches to study the integration of synaptic inputs in the context of visual processing. His postdoctoral work, also at MIT, focused on single-cell resolution imaging to study the response properties of different classes of cells, including both neurons and astrocytes, in the visual cortex. Dr. Schummers was named an independent Research Group Leader at the Max Planck Florida Institute in June 2010. His group will begin operation in Jupiter in September 2010.